Do you have mood swings, difficulty in sleeping, change in libido, social withdrawal, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue or irritation before your periods Is all this happening just before the onset of periods?
Do you know, this is known as premenstrual syndrome and sometimes it also includes depression?
Premenstrual syndrome has two components – physical and emotional. In physical symptoms, you may have constipation, diarrhea, muscle pain, body ache, acne, fatigue, headache, breast tenderness, alcohol intolerance.
In emotional symptoms, you will have anxiety, depressive mood, excessive crying, irritability, social withdrawal, poor concentration, etc. These symptoms appear 3-4 days before the periods and generally disappear after the periods, but at times these symptoms could persist throughout the month, as a result, your daily routine is affected to the extent where you will need the medical opinion or consult a gynecologist or your family doctor.
The exact cause of the premenstrual syndrome is not known. However, there is evidence of reduced estrogen and progesterone hormones at this time.
Other proposed theories are chemical changes in the brain, hormonal changes, stress or depression, but there’s a lack of sufficient evidence to support them.
60% of women suffer from various degrees of PMS and it is really interesting to know that it can be prevented totally only by certain lifestyle modifications and taking appropriate supplements.
You can take the following measure to be at your best even in your PMS –
- Stop/limit alcohol and caffeine intake
- Stop/limit salt intake
- Stop/limit food of high calories
- Exercise regularly to maintain appropriate hormone levels
- Take plenty of fluids
- Reduce stress by speaking to friends, &
- Relax the body and mind by massaging.
There are also medications available in the form of supplements such as vitamin B 6, folic acid, evening prime rose, vitamin D, folic acid, magnesium, and calcium, but only after consulting your doctor. You can also use ibuprofen in an emergency to relieve pain.